• Register
  • False
  • Sign in
Journal of magnesium
and alloys

Current Issue

Grain refinement impact on the mechanical properties and wear behavior of Mg-9Gd-3Y-2Zn-0.5Zr alloy after decreasing temperature reciprocating upsetting-extrusion

Available online 11 January 2023

Full Length Article

Wenlong Xu, Jianmin Yu, Leichen Jia, Chang Gao, Zhan Miao, Guoqin Wu, Guojun Li, Zhimin Zhang


Based on the deforming technique of severe plastic deformation (SPD), the grain refinement of a Mg-9Gd-3Y-2Zn-0.5Zr alloy treated with decreasing temperature reciprocating upsetting-extrusion (RUE) and its influence on the mechanical properties and wear behavior of the alloy were studied. The RUE process was carried out for 4 passes in total, starting at 0 °C and decreasing by 10 °C for each pass. The results showed that as the number of RUE passes increased, the grain refinement effect was obvious, and the second phase in the alloy was evenly distributed. Room temperature tensile properties of the alloy and the deepening of the RUE degree showed a positive correlation trend, which was due to the grain refinement, uniform distribution of the second phase and texture weakening. And the microhardness of the alloy showed that the microhardness of RUE is the largest in 2 passes. The change in microhardness was the result of dynamic competition between the softening effect of DRX and the work hardening effect. In addition, the wear resistance of the alloy showed a positive correlation with the degree of RUE under low load conditions. When the applied load was higher, the wear resistance of the alloy treated with RUE decreased compared to the initial state alloy. This phenomenon was mainly due to the presence of oxidative wear on the surface of the alloy, which could balance the positive contribution of severe plastic deformation to wear resistance to a certain extent.


Mg-9Gd-3Y-2Zn-0.5Zr alloy; Reciprocating upsetting-extrusion; Grain refinement; Texture; Mechanical properties; Wear behavior

Click for the article

Related Articles