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Journal of magnesium
and alloys

Current Issue

Microstructure refinement, mechanical and biocorrosion properties of Mg–Zn–Ca–Mn alloy improved by a new severe plastic deformation process

Available online 10 July 2022

Full Length Article

M. Kavyani, G.R. Ebrahimi, H.R. Ezatpour, M. Jahazi


In this study, the microstructural evolution, mechanical properties and biocorrosion performance of a Mg–Zn–Ca–Mn alloy were investigated under different conditions of heat treatment, extrusion, one pass and two passes of half equal channel angular pressing (HECAP) process. The results showed significant grain refinement of the homogenized alloy after two passes of HECAP process from 345 µm to 2 µm. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) revealed the presence of finer Mg6Zn3Ca2 phase as well as α-Mn phase after HECAP process. The results also showed that mechanical characteristics such as yield strength, ultimate tensile strength and elongation of the HECAPed samples improved by ∼208%, ∼144% and ∼100% compared to the homogenized one, respectively. Crystallographic texture analysis indicated that most of the grains at the surface were reoriented parallel to the (0001) basal plane after HECAP process. Electrochemical corrosion tests and immersion results indicated that the sample with two passes of HEACP had the highest biocorrosion resistance confirming that the basal planes had the lowest corrosion rate compared to the non-basal ones. The mechanical behavior and bio-corrosion evaluation demonstrated that the HECAPed Mg–Zn–Ca–Mn alloy has great potential for biomedical applications and a mechanism was proposed to explain the interrelations between the thermomechanical processing and bio-corrosion behavior.


Mg–Zn–Ca–Mn alloy; HECAP process; Microstructure; Mechanical properties; Bio-corrosion performance

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