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Journal of magnesium
and alloys

Current Issue

Mechanical joint performances of friction self-piercing riveted carbon fiber reinforced polymer and AZ31B Mg alloy

Available online 11 January 2023

Full Length Article

Yuan Li, Yong Chae Lim, Jian Chen, Jiheon Jun, Zhili Feng


Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) and AZ31B Mg alloy were joined by the friction self-piercing riveting (F-SPR) with different steel rivet shank sizes. With the increase of rivet shank size, lap shear fracture load and mechanical interlock distance increased. Ultrafine grains were formed at the joint in AZ31B as a result of dynamic recrystallization, which contributed to the higher hardness. Fatigue life of the CFRP-AZ31B joint was studied at various peak loads of 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 kN and compared with the resistance spot welded AZ31B-AZ31B from the open literature. The fatigue performance was better at higher peak load (>2 kN) and comparable to that of resistance spot welding of AZ31B to AZ31B at lower peak loads (<1 kN). From fractography, the crack initiation for lower peak load (<1 kN) case was observed at the fretting positions on the top and bottom surfaces of AZ31B sheet. When peak load was increased, fretting between the rivet and the top of AZ31B became more dominant to initiate a crack during fatigue testing.


Friction self-piercing riveting; Magnesium alloy; Carbon fiber reinforced polymer; Dynamic recrystallization; Fatigue life; Crack initiation

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